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Gifford Pinchot

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1898 Gifford Pinchot was appointed chief of the Division of Forestry of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, beginning an era of scientific forestry where, theoretically, clear-cutting was to be abandoned.

Forest Reserves

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1893 President Benjamin Harrison created the 13 million acres of forest reserves including four million acres covering much of the High Sierra.

Forest Reserve Act

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1891 Congress passed the Forest Reserve Act, empowering the President to create “forest reserves.” This created the legislative foundation for what became the National Forest system.

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