Clean Air Act passed, greatly expanding protection began by the Air Pollution Control Act of 1955 and the first Clean Air Act of 1963.
National Environmental Policy Act passed and Environmental Protection Agency created. In this, the first major U.S. environmental legislation, Congress declared:
“that it is the continuing policy of the Federal Government, in cooperation with State and local governments, and other concerned public and private organizations, to use all practicable means and measures, including financial and technical assistance, in a manner calculated to foster and promote the general welfare, to create and maintain conditions under which man and nature can exist in productive harmony, and fulfill the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations of Americans.”
2/ NEPA 101(a), 42 U.S.C. 4331(a).
Santa Barbara Oil Spill — Oil from Union Oil’s offshore wells fouled beaches in Southern California and aroused public anger against pollution.